The Channel Tunnel Link is a 68 mile high speed railway between London St Pancras and the Channel Tunnel portal near Folkestone, Kent. It was the UK’s first high-speed rail project and Britain’s first new railway in over a century. At the time, HS1 was one of Europe’s largest construction projects. The project created 68 miles (109 kilometers) of high-speed track, enabling Eurostar trains to travel up to 186 miles (300 kilometers) per hour.
The project included new bridges and tunnels, with a combined length nearly as long as the Channel Tunnel itself. The construction of the line was authorised by Parliament with the Channel Tunnel Rail Link Act 1996. When the work was completed High Speed 1 in 2007, this new high-speed rail line halved travel time between London and the Channel Tunnel and also created a faster-shared line for domestic trains.
HS1 enabled the delivery of three major developments in Ebbsfleet, Stratford, and King’s Cross, and brought economic benefits to other regeneration areas along the route, through population growth, better connectivity, and greater employment opportunities. The new and revitalized stations particularly at St Pancras, now Europe’s largest passenger interchange, received many accolades and awards, for the painstaking reconstruction of the historic station.
The CTRL project was awarded the Major Project Award at the British Construction Industry Awards.
We provided Planning and Consent services alongside Construction Environmental Management. The latter included technical services notably noise and vibration, air quality, ecology, surface and groundwater, and contaminated land.
HS1 set a new environmental benchmark for the rail industry both in design and construction. This was partly achieved through a series of collaborations with British Rail Research, Institute of Sound and Vibration Research, CIRIA, and many others. The environmental management system, which we played a significant part in, was recognised as one of the most rigorous and comprehensive at the time. It was designed to minimise the potentially significant environmental risks and impact of the scheme throughout its design and construction.
Temple received a number of awards for construction excellence and secured significant project cost and time savings with our innovative and collaborative approach.
Moreover, The Ecology Consultancy (working under the auspices of Temple and now part of Temple) made a substantial contribution to minimising the Project’s impact on wildlife, by working closely with the engineers and landscape architects to protect existing habitats and provide new ones in particular:
In addition, there were numerous relocation and translocation programmes developed to protect wildlife.